01/31/2014 - 23:38
Renewable Energy Development Institute - REDI

Water is the most precious natural resource on Earth. Are we aware of the importance of water to our lives? How often do we turn on the tap and think of water that is being wasted? And yet there are countries where access to fresh and drinkable water affects every day life. A glass of pure water may be life saving. Water treatment projects and water energy programs can improve the lives of millions.

Norway is a world leader in efficient the usage of water energy. 98% of Norwegian electricity is generated in hydro-electric power stations (obtained from the gravitational force of falling or flowing water). Many Norwegians finds efficient hydropower management as important as the quality of water that comes from their taps. For this reason water treatment programs are actively supported in this country.

In Africa, when a baby is thirsty, there is only one thing that its parents can do – find a water source. If they are lucky – the water will be pure and their child will survive.

Purer water means better life and health. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that every year almost 2 million people die from lack of access to filtered water. The victims are mostly children. Their immune systems are too weak to fight against bacteria and diseases lurking in filthy water. If we could provide them with access to clean, filtered water, the number of children needing hospital treatment across developing countries would be cut by half. The United Nations Development Programme estimates that eight dollars of additional revenue could be generated for every dollar invested in the improvement of water and sanitation conditions.

To many people it seems that water quality issues concern mostly Africa. This perception is misleading. The world we live in is not made up of separate societes. It is a network of different peoples – what happens in one part of the world may influence us all. We live in a global village where all countries and all societies are connected. Social and ecological issues become global. Lack of access to clean, drinking water can affect everyone. This threat should not be underestimated by the Developed World. It is therefore important to support water treatment programs.

Access to fresh, drinking water is a must for the proper development of a global society. If we aim to fight effectively against world poverty, illnesses, hunger, lack of education or social inequalities, we need to focus first on providing pure water for every child.

People are forever trying to find new sources of renewable energy, so it isn’t surprising that they are especially interested in water and its versatility. Accordingly, much effort has been directed into obtaining energy from tidal and wave power, which are defined as circular movements of water molecules caused by wind that moves water surface through friction.